The plot was an attempt to blow up the House of Lords in London on 5 November , in order to restore a Catholic head of state. The use of a mask on an effigy has long roots as part of Guy Fawkes Night celebrations.
A stylised portrayal of a face with a smile and red cheeks, a wide moustache upturned at both ends, and a thin vertical pointed beard, designed by illustrator David Lloyd , came to represent broader protest after it was used as a major plot element in V for Vendetta , published from , and its film adaptation. After appearing in Web forums, the mask became a well-known symbol for the online hacktivist group Anonymous , used in Project Chanology , the Occupy movement , Anonymous for the Voiceless , and other anti-government and anti-establishment protests around the world.
Guy Fawkes mask
This has led to the popular name Anonymous mask. The Gunpowder Plot of was commemorated from early on by burning effigies of unpopular figures. Towards the end of the 18th century, reports appeared of children begging for money with grotesquely masked effigies of Guy Fawkes,  and 5 November gradually became as Guy Fawkes Night , although many now prefer the term "Bonfire Night". The universal mode of observance through all part of England is the dressing up of a scarecrow figure in such cast-habiliments as can be procured the head-piece, generally a paper-cap, painted and knotted with paper strips in imitation of ribbons , parading it in a chair through the streets, and at nightfall burning it with great solemnity in a huge bonfire In , The Lancet published "Notes of A Case of Death From Fright," in which the death of a two-year-old was attributed to the fright caused by seeing a boy wearing a red Guy Fawkes mask.
In the 20th century, in UK, large numbers of cheap cardboard or paper Guy Fawkes masks were sold to children each autumn or given out free with comics. In , the wearing of Guy Fawkes masks on Bonfire Night was mentioned during a debate on the Criminal Law Onus of Proof Amendment Bill in the Parliament of Western Australia as an example of harmless and excusable though technically unlawful possession of a face mask at night.
Brady , stated that "at one time it was traditional to wear masks on Guy Fawkes night.
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So, if tonight anyone is found wearing a Guy Fawkes mask I, as Minister for Police, will see that he is duly excused. The comic book series V for Vendetta , which started in , "centers on a vigilante's efforts to destroy an authoritarian government in a dystopian future United Kingdom.
He'd look really bizarre and it would give Guy Fawkes the image he's deserved all these years. We shouldn't burn the chap every Nov. Since the release of the film V for Vendetta , the use of stylised Guy Fawkes masks, with moustache and pointed beard, has become widespread internationally among groups protesting against politicians, banks, and financial institutions.
The masks both conceal the identity and protect the face of individuals and demonstrate their commitment to a shared cause. The character developed as an Internet meme , common on imageboards such as 4chan as well as on video-sharing based Web sites such as YouTube.
For reasons that have never been explained, it was increasingly shown as wearing a V for Vendetta Guy Fawkes mask though this is likely a reference to the fact that Guy Fawkes failed to complete the gunpowder plot.
One group, led by freegan Adam Weismann, protested against a perceived misrepresentation of the Anarchist movement in the film V for Vendetta. The other group, led by libertarian Todd Seavey, counter-protested against the anarchists, wearing masks purportedly supplied by a Time Warner employee.
On April Anonymous for the Voiceless was created; they also use the mask while spreading veganism. The mask became associated with the hacktivism group Anonymous 's Project Chanology protests against the Church of Scientology in Protesters were encouraged to hide their faces, since it was common practice for Church members to photograph anti-Scientology protesters.
The Guy Fawkes mask was a widely used method of hiding faces. As the protests continued, more protesters began opting to use the Guy Fawkes mask, which eventually took on symbolic status within the group. On 23 May , protesters wearing the mask detonated a fake barrel of gunpowder outside Parliament while protesting over the issue of British MPs' expenses.
During the Wisconsin protests , and then during the subsequent Occupy Wall Street and the ongoing Occupy movement , the mask appeared internationally  as a symbol of popular rebellion.
In October , campaigner Julian Assange attended the Occupy London Stock Exchange protest wearing such a mask, which he removed after a request by the police. On 10 June , in Mumbai , India , a group of Anonymous members and college students gathered at Azad Maidan , dressed all in black and wearing Guy Fawkes masks, to protest against the Indian Government 's censorship of the Internet. The mask, used by Bahraini protesters during the Arab Spring -inspired Bahraini uprising , was banned in the country in February ,  a few months after a similar decision by United Arab Emirates , another Persian Gulf country.
The Manama Voice reported that use of mask in protests increased following the ban. The masks were used by anti-government protesters in Thailand in ,  and by protesters in Turkey in In May , the government of Saudi Arabia banned the importation of the masks, and said that it would confiscate any found on sale.
The Ministry of Islamic Affairs stated that the mask is "a symbol of rebels and revenge", and warned imams and parents that "they could be used to incite the youth to destabilize security and spread chaos The wearing of masks during a riot or unlawful assembly has been banned in Canada , following the enactment of Bill C , and now carries a maximum year prison sentence.
Protesters in the Venezuelan protests carried a wide variety of masks; one of them was the Guy Fawkes mask, sometimes painted with the colours of the Venezuelan flag. In October protesters in Hong Kong started using the mask in opposition to the government banning the use of masks during protests. Alan Moore, anarchist and author of V for Vendetta , has supported the use of the mask, and stated in a interview with Entertainment Weekly , "I was also quite heartened the other day when watching the news to see that there were demonstrations outside the Scientology headquarters over here, and that they suddenly flashed to a clip showing all these demonstrators wearing V for Vendetta Guy Fawkes masks.
That pleased me.
That gave me a warm little glow. So when you start to see that idle fantasy intrude on the regular world… It's peculiar. It feels like a character I created 30 years ago has somehow escaped the realm of fiction. David Lloyd, the V for Vendetta illustrator and co-creator, has said: .
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The Guy Fawkes mask has now become a common brand and a convenient placard to use in protest against tyranny — and I'm happy with people using it, it seems quite unique, an icon of popular culture being used this way. My feeling is the Anonymous group needed an all-purpose image to hide their identity and also symbolise that they stand for individualism — V for Vendetta is a story about one person against the system.
We knew that V was going to be an escapee from a concentration camp where he had been subjected to medical experiments but then I had the idea that in his craziness he would decide to adopt the persona and mission of Guy Fawkes — our great historical revolutionary.
According to Time in , the protesters' adoption of the mask had led to it becoming the top-selling mask on Amazon. Time Warner , one of the largest media companies in the world, owns the rights to the image and is paid a fee with the sale of each official mask. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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