The Opel Corsa is a supermini car    engineered and produced by the German automobile manufacturer Opel since It has been sold under a variety of other brands most notably Vauxhall , Chevrolet , and Holden and also spawned various other derivatives.
The front-wheel drive Opel Corsa was first launched in September It went on sale first in France, Italy, and Spain - markets where small cars represented from 34 to 43 percent of sales. In certain markets commercial "van" models were also sold, with or without rear windows depending on local requirements. In mainland Europe, the saloon versions were known as the "Corsa TR" until May and received an eggcrate grille rather than the four slits used on hatchbacks.
The saloons were intended to appeal to customers of the Opel Kadett C and its sister the Vauxhall Chevette who still desired a traditional 3-box sedan shape - but it did not sell particularly well in most of Europe but were popular in Spain and Portugal, among other markets.
While only taking ten per cent of French Corsa sales during the car's first half year, the TR represented half of all Corsas sold in Spain. The Corsa A was known in the United Kingdom market as the Vauxhall Nova as it was considered that Corsa sounded too much like " coarser " , where it was launched in April , following a seven month long union dispute due to British workers being angry about the car not being built there  whilst British-built cars were subject to huge import tariffs in Spain prior to its entry into the European Community.
Power first came from 1. The first engines were all equipped with carburetors; fuel injection came later, but never for the 1. The engines were based on the well proven Family II design, [ citation needed ] except for the 1.
In September the Corsa received a light facelift, with a new grille that was now the same on hatchbacks and sedans, an updated interior, and other slight changes.
For the model year the 1. Power remained the same, although torque increased. These are by far the rarest models produced and thus acquire a high market price if one does become available.
The GSi's engine mapping had been carried out by Opel tuning specialists Irmscher. The design was freshened in September , with new bumpers, headlights, grille and interior, but it was clearly recognisable as a gentle makeover of an early s design, when it had to compete with the latest two all new superminis in Europe — the Peugeot and the Renault Clio.
It effectively replaced the ageing Chevette , which finished production in January Nearly , Novas were sold in Britain over the next ten years, but by February , only 1, were still on the road.
All Nova models were manufactured in Spain, with the first customers in the United Kingdom taking delivery of their cars in April It gave Vauxhall a much needed modern competitor in the supermini market in the United Kingdom, as the Chevette was older than the majority of its main competitors which consisted of the Ford Fiesta and the Austin Metro.
With the late facelift a small van version arrived, called the Vauxhall Nova Van. Sales in the United Kingdom were strong right up to the end, but by the time the last Nova was built in the beginning of , it was looking very dated in comparison to more modern rivals like the Peugeot and the Renault Clio. This was the second Vauxhall to adopt the same model name as the Opel version, the first being the Senator.
A television advert in featured the Ritchie Valens hit " La Bamba " playing in the background, and used CGI to allow a Nova to drive over vehicles in a busy city.
Another advert from featured a Nova as a pet, CGI allowing it to jump through a traffic jam and briefly play a hotrod whilst stopped at traffic lights. The end featured a homage to Wacky Races , with the Nova laughing like Muttley.
Unlike the previous model, there was no saloon version for the European market, but one was designed in Brazil for the Latin American market, as saloons were much preferred to hatchbacks there. This was also introduced in South Africa and India.
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An estate car, panel van and pickup truck were also introduced, and a convertible version was produced for the Australian market, called the Holden Barina Cabrio. Italy was the only European country where the Argentinian built wagon version was offered. Four cylinder power came from 1. Most cars received a five speed manual transmission, although a four speed automatic was also available with certain engines.
In the first few years, a four speed manual was also available coupled to the smallest 1. The saloon model was built and sold in Latin America as the Chevrolet Corsa Classic until , when it was replaced with the model previously released for China in as the Buick Sail.
A budget version introduced for the Brazilian market, the Chevrolet Celta , has bodywork resembling the end of the s Vectra and Astra. The Celta was sold in Argentina as the Suzuki Fun for a certain period. In , General Motors stopped representing Suzuki in Argentina, so the Celta reverted to its original name under the Chevrolet brand.
Argentinian production began in September , where it was the first locally built Chevrolet passenger car since Production finally ceased in October In September , Chile became the first country outside China to receive the Chinese assembled Sail; it is called the Chevrolet Corsa Plus there, available as a four-door saloon with a 1.
The Corsa Plus includes dual front airbags, anti lock brakes, air conditioning, electric windows and central locking as standard equipment.
In India, the hatchback, saloon and estate car versions were sold as the Corsa Sail, Corsa or Corsa Joy and Corsa Swing respectively until the end of The hatchback model was still being produced, and extensively marketed in South Africa as the Corsa Lite under the Opel branding until ; at which point it was discontinued. In Thailand, the Corsa was available as an Opel with a fuel injected 8V 1. The Corsa was updated in , resulting in different styling options and better safety features:.
All Mexican previous versions were known as the Chevy, with the names Monza used on the saloon , and Swing five-door and Joy three-door for the hatchbacks, all with a 1. The Chevy was a favourite among taxicab drivers and one of the best selling cars in the country. The Chevy ended production in the end of August , at the Ramos Arizpe assembly plant. This move was because the Chevy's sales had been dropping constantly since the beginning of , and also because it didn't meet the new safety requirement rules in Mexico that forced it to have standard front airbags.
The five door hatchback was dropped after the model year, leaving only the four door saloon and the three door hatchback, this 3 door hatch being the most popular model. The Chevy was discontinued with only a short run of models, after almost 18 years on the Mexican market.
The successor for the three door and saloon, the Chevrolet Sonic was also built in Ramos Arizpe starting , while GM suddenly replaced the five door Chevy with the Chevrolet Spark. The Corsa C was revealed in , and introduced to the European market in October , and the facelift arrived in August The Brazilian version of the Corsa sold in those countries featured a more conservative front end than its European counterpart.
Brazil also offered a pickup truck version of the Corsa named the Chevrolet Montana sold in some markets as the Tornado , which, as well as the saloon, was exported in a completely knocked down form to South Africa for local assembly. In , the Corsa C saloon was dropped in South Africa. Instead, it had the same front fascia as the Latin American Chevrolet Corsa, possibly due to manufacturing costs.
In Japan, where the car was sold through Yanase as the Opel Vita, production ended in April , due to sluggish sales.
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The Corsa C arrived in the model year as a five door hatchback, and was imported from Europe; but for the model year of , the Corsa sold in Mexico began coming from Brazil and a saloon version was added. In , the saloon version introduced a semi-automatic transmission called easytronic because it was only offered in a five speed manual transmission , however, the easytronic transmission was rapidly discontinued after the model year of , because of poor sales and technical flaws. For , the Corsa was tweaked with a freshened grille, lights and a gold coloured Chevrolet logo.
The Chevrolet Corsa C was discontinued in the Mexican market in June , leaving only the older and freshened Chevy Corsa B ; and the Corsa C was replaced by the Chevrolet Aveo , however, Brazil kept the car until as the Chevrolet Corsa Final Edition and with the saloon ending in and Argentina kept the car until , while the Corsa-based Montana continued into The Latin American Corsa C featured the Opel inspired Chevrolet logo with a golden bowtie instead of a chromed one — the new logo was first introduced in the South American market with the new Chevrolet Vectra.
Holden also imported the SRi version with the 1. The facelifted model was also imported, however, in December , the Corsa C was suddenly dropped from the Australian and New Zealand Holden ranges as a cost cutting measure by GM, and was replaced by the Daewoo Kalos , rebadged as a Holden Barina. Motoring journalists were scathing in their criticism of the new model, particularly the bland handling, lackluster engine and below par safety features. This generation of the Corsa was a huge success for Vauxhall in the United Kingdom, being the most popular supermini and second most popular car overall in , and It was also Britain's best selling supermini in , achieving third place overall, but in the final year of production it lost top place in the supermini sector after five years, and was overtaken by the Ford Fiesta.
Overall, it was Britain's fourth most popular car in The Corsa C was introduced with a 1.
This was later joined by the 1. The 1. This new 1.
The edition with the 1. In , Opel introduced updated versions of Family 0 engines with TwinPort technology, and the 1. The first official pictures of the Corsa D, were released by Opel in May In the United Kingdom, What Car? The Corsa D is available in both three and five door versions, and marketed as the Vauxhall Corsa in the United Kingdom.
The same engines sizes from the Corsa C were available at launch, although the 1. The Corsa D was briefly available in Australia under the Opel brand name, rather than as a Holden as the Corsa B and C had previously been, during Opel's short lived foray into the Australian market.
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Less than a year after launching, Opel Australia announced it was ceasing operations, removing the Corsa from the Australian market. In addition to not being sold in the United States or Canada , the Corsa D was never available in Japan either, as Yanase had stopped importing the Opel Vita in April , due to declining sales.
Opel withdrew altogether from the Japanese market in December , due to low sales the previous year. At an early stage of the Corsa D's development, a designer was dared to work an image of a shark into the interior. He managed to hide it so well, on the hinge of the glove compartment, that it was never removed, and featured on all production models. FlexFix is an optional integrated bicycle rack.
It is essentially a concealed drawer that can be pulled out from the car's rear bumper. Corsa have 1. At exterior, there are different front and rear bumper with triangle shaped exhaust, and wind difusors. There is also OPC tail spoilers and skirts. Car have stiffer and lower suspension than regular Corsa. Standard rims are 17 inch and optional 18 inch.
The Corsa OPC was only available as three-door version. The engine is the same, 1. Corsa comes with standard 18 inch alloy wheels and low profile tires, lowered suspension, dual tipped stainless steel exhaust and special Nurburgring badge at B pillars and inside on gear knob and instrument dials. Also included is a new front spoiler, and different rear bumper. Petrol engines are Family 0 1.