The calculation of the land area of a particular empire is controversial. In general, the sequence in list centers on all the aspects that make an empire mighty, strong and progressive and all the factors as mentioned that make a kingdom great. Image Source. The Akkadian state was the predecessor of the ethnic Akkadian states of Babylonia and Assyria; formed following centuries of Akkadian cultural synergy with others, it reached the height of its power between the 24th and 22nd centuries BC following the conquests of king Sargon of Akkad, and is sometimes regarded as the first manifestation of an empire in history.
The Achaemenid Empire ca.
The Persian and the Median Empire taken together are also known as the Medo-Persian Empire , which encompassed the combined territories of several earlier empires. It is noted in western history as the foe of the Greek city states during the Greco-Persian Wars, for emancipation of slaves including the Jews from their Babylonian captivity, and for instituting the usage of official languages throughout its territories.
The Achaemenid Persian empire was invaded by Alexander III of Macedon, after which it collapsed and disintegrated in BC into what later became the Ptolemaic Kingdom and Seleucid Empire, in addition to other minor territories which gained independence after its collapse. The Roman Empire was the post-Republican phase of the ancient Roman civilization, characterised by an autocratic form of government and large territorial holdings in Europe and around the Mediterranean.
The Roman Republic, which preceded it, had been weakened and subverted through several civil wars.
Roman expansion began in the days of the Republic, but reached its zenith under Emperor Trajan. At this territorial peak, the Roman Empire controlled approximately 6.
A caliphate is the Islamic form of government representing the political unity and leadership of the Muslim world. According to Sunnis, a Caliph can be any pious Muslim who is elected by the Muslims or their representatives; and according to Shia Islam, an Imam descended in a line from the Ahl al-Bayt.
10. Akkadian Empire (2300 BC–2200 BC)
It was ruled by the Umayyad dynasty, whose name derives from Umayya ibn Abd Shams, the great-grandfather of the first Umayyad caliph. Although the Umayyad family originally came from the city of Mecca, Damascus was the capital of their Caliphate. Eventually, it would cover more than five million square miles, making it the largest empire the world had yet seen.
The Umayyads established the largest Arab-Muslim state in history. The Qing Dynasty was the last ruling dynasty of China, ruling from to with a brief, abortive restoration in It was preceded by the Ming Dynasty and followed by the Republic of China.
The dynasty was founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro in what is today northeast China, also known as Manchuria. Starting in it expanded into China proper and its surrounding territories, establishing the Empire of the Great Qing.
Complete pacification of China was accomplished around It was the successor to the Tsardom of Russia, and the predecessor of the Soviet Union. At one point in , it stretched from eastern Europe, across Asia, and into North America.
At the beginning of the 19th century, Russia was the largest country in the world, extending from the Arctic Ocean to the north to the Black Sea on the south, from the Baltic Sea on the west to the Pacific Ocean on the east. The Mongol Empire was an empire from the 13th and 14th century spanning from Eastern Europe across Asia. It emerged from the unification of Mongol and Turkic tribes in modern day Mongolia, and grew through invasions, after Genghis Khan had been proclaimed ruler of all Mongols in However, the empire began to split following the succession war in — By , he Mongol Empire had already fractured into four separate empires, each pursuing its own separate interests and objectives.
The Mughal Empire was an Islamic imperial power that ruled a large portion of Indian subcontinent which began in , invaded and ruled most of South Asia by the late 17th and early 18th centuries, and ended in the midth century.
The Mughal Emperors were descendants of the Timurids of Turkistan, and at the height of their power around , they controlled most of the Indian Subcontinent—extending from Bengal in the east to Balochistan in the west, Kashmir in the north to the Kaveri basin in the south.
Its population at that time has been estimated as between and million, over a territory of over 4 million sq. It ended with the death of Emperor Aurangzeb in , although the Empire continued for another years.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates, and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom, that had originated with the overseas colonies and trading posts established by England in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. At its height it was the largest empire in history and, for over a century, was the foremost global power. As a result, its political, linguistic and cultural legacy is widespread. The Ottoman Empire also known by its contemporaries as the Turkish Empire.
At the height of its power 16th—17th centuries , the empire spanned three continents, controlling much of Western Asia, Eastern and Southeastern Europe, the Caucasus, and North Africa.
The Ottoman Empire contained 29 provinces and numerous vassal states, some of which were later absorbed into the empire, while others gained various types of autonomy during the course of centuries. For some reason I feel like I need to disagree that the U. Obviously we are in a different times than when these empires existed, and I argue that the definition of a global empire needs revision.
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Geographically and even Militarily the U. One might argue that China wields more economic power than the U. I argue that the U.
Exactly because the greatness of an empire is multifactorial, the Byzantine Empire should be in the list. The reason?
Not only it was large, powerful and of enormous influence to the area it covered, it also was the longest standing empire ever. From the formation of the Eastern Roman Empire till Contantinople fell to the Ottomans, years passed. So please, reconsider…. The British Empire created the modern world. I would create a different list looking like this: 1. British Empire 2.
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Alexandrian Empire 3. Akkadian Empire 4.
Abbasid Caliphate 5. Roman Empire 6. Gupta Empire 7. Egyptian Old Kingdom 8.
Portuguese Empire 9. Han Dynasty Mongol Empire.
Hwr3 the millenia empire pdf to word
The American empire is the largest in the modern age. Not with their armies but by their cultural influence through internet over all nations and societies. They have subdued individuals families societies etc etc. Modern empire is not an empire lands and territories but of power over minds and money.
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Dimensions of concepts are changing. It was only in its later years that those in power began to see it was wrong morally. However, it is, far and away, the greatest empire the world has ever seen because of its worldwide spread. U cant give the whole credit of Industrial revolution to Great Britain.
It was part of Renaissance which covered larger geography and varied reason behind it.
9. Achaemenid Empire (550 BC–330 BC)
And in that context British Empire does not fit into the top position u r mentioning. Ottoman empire existed in the darkest ages of Europe. Great documentary of the Ottoman Empire from the History Channel.
Offers a pretty balanced view. This unfortunate political strategy fueled by hatred has resulted in much conflict and tainted much of the western worlds view of Turks and Muslims.
As a IR professional, I think the best would be to evaluate greatness of the empires to certain criterions. My criterion would be an empire who made the greatest material and non-material influence all over the world rather than than sheer area criterion and left permenant institutions and a cultural heritage. Although I am from a non-British empire nation which is widely debated here , I would say that British Empire was all time greatest empire far from all controversions.
Thanks to its preeminet maritime power status, the British managed to have felt its existence all over the world from the Far East to Latin America.
Withstanding its being a colonial power, it brougt permenant institutions to the territories controlled by itself,such as the application Common Law.
It made its language lingua franca among its colonies and as a result Commonwealth still continues to exist even if is remains on paper. British achieved to utilize from technology and managed to spread its civilization to the most remote places in the world like Fiji.
No doubt,we are talking about empires and every empire means blood. Leave your prejudice at the door.
Empires of the Word: A Language History of the World
The others on this list did in fact stand the test of time. Greek culture was more important contribution than their empire. Alexander was a great military conqueror but was not revered as an empire builder or ruler.
They funnel money from the World Bank, the U.
Their tools included fraudulent financial reports, rigged elections, payoffs, extortion, sex, and murder. They play a game as old as empire, but one that has taken on new and terrifying dimensions during this time of globalization.
The persians were the first people to establish an empire. Their empire lasted the longest and was the biggest…most importantly, they were the first ones to do it.
The stupid ottomans and the romans copied it. The ottomans took their empire from the arabs. It was not as dissimilar from British control as you might think.
I realize that you are Turkish and this was probably not taught in your school. No empire in world history has a guiltless record: the Brits have the Peterloo Massacre, the Americans have Kent State, and the Romans their own share.
But the Turkish Empire was a purely military empire that took its heritage from the Mongols and was therefore based on exploitation through threat of force.